We are extremely fortunate here at ‘This Tangled Web’ to have Mental Health Specialist ‘Christopher Moore’ on board as a Trustee and our Mental Health Advisor. Chris has very kindly agreed to set up this space for people to be able to ask questions. Here is an introduction from Chris who will be managing this page.
‘I am delighted to be invited to answer questions from survivors & loved ones of survivors,and I will try to answer as best I can. I have been working in the field of Mental Health for over 20yrs, in both the public and private sector. I am a qualified Social Worker (specialised in Mental health as an approved SW), have an MSc in Counselling Psychology, I am a BABCP accredited Cognitive-Behaviour Psychotherapist and an International Society of Schema Therapy Certified Schema Therapist. I have specialised in Adult Mental Health for all my time in the field, and I have worked with many adults who have been victims of CSA. I currently work as an independent practitioner and offer consultancy when requested.’
Questions can cover the entire spectrum of C.S.A and everything that comes with it. Questions are welcome from Survivors and/or loved ones of Survivors. This is not to be used in place of any therapy. This is not attempting to offer any therapy…but to answer any individual questions you may be struggling with.
Note: The professional opinions expressed in the answers on this page are given as a general indication and guidance as to what psychological or other factors may be indicated by each question. The answers are not to be seen as definitive. Individual professional assesment and treatment should always be sought to address psychological problems. Whilst we aim to provide accurate information, TTW cannot take responsible for any omissions or errors.
If you would like to ask Chris a question use the contact form below; name and email fields are not required to be filled out.
Submit a question to Chris.
PLEASE NOTE: We will be sharing the questions & answers on this webpage, but we will -never- add your name to the question, it will be totally anonymous. By sharing the questions previously asked, someone else may find the help they are looking for. If you post a question using the comment box below it will ask for a name, if you use the direct email above it will be totally confidential.
WHEN WILL I GET A REPLY? You will receive a response within 7 days (often sooner where possible) .
Question 1: Why do I need to re-visit my past, people are making me feel like I am wrong to want some help?
Answer 1: Let me start my reply to this first question by saying that wanting some help to overcome the damage caused by CSA is not wrong, it’s actually very normal. If people are suggesting that you are wrong to want help I would suggest that they are not able to understand your needs. Every one is a unique individual, so what kind of support or help they need will depend on their individual life experience and whether they are currently having difficulties in their daily life. Having worked therapeutically with a significant number of survivors of CSA, I have not met any that did not want or need to make sense of the abuse they experienced in their childhood. It can be abusive itself to deny, diminish or negate an individuals stated needs.
Now to answer the first part of this question, without knowing your background, I cannot say I know you need to re-visit your past. However, as you are indicating a desire to re-visit your past it would suggest that any current difficuties you may have could be tied up with early abusive childhood experiences. We all carry around within us the child that we were. When a child is abused they try to make sense of what is happening by coming to conclusions as to what the event(s) mean about them, other people and the world about them. As a young child does not have the ability to process information in as sophisticated a manner as adults, they usually come to the wrong conclusions and blame themselves for the abuse, doubt and/or mistrust adults in general and see the world about them as a fearful place. They also then develop coping strategies to manage these conclusions and beliefs, which may work for them as a child but are often not adaptive as an adult.
So for adult survivors the need to go back and re-visit their childhood it is often to to enable the correction of faulty information processing and the maladaptive beliefs that resulted. Learning more adaptive behaviours can also be part of a structured therapy process. This can be very challenging, but unless or until these maladaptive beliefs are changed, an individual can find that they keep repeating unhelpful patterns of behaviour or feel stuck in their everyday lives and relationships. So in conclusion I would say that if you feel the need to re-visit your childhood, you should find an experienced, qualified therapist who is able to help you go back and start the healing process.
Question 2: I have found that I am getting overwhelming anxiety at times and I became so angry at a work situation that I would normally have decided to ignore even if it made me uncomfortable. Is this part of the process because I am fearful I may lose my job.
Answer 2: Anxiety and anger are both emotions very much associated with CSA. However, it is not always the case that episodes of either or both are necessarily directly linked to CSA. I would suggest to anyone who experiences significant changes to their emotional state might to try to think about what could have happened in their life recently or any changes in their situation, that might have triggered the emotions that are activated. Anxiety is often linked to fear of not being able to cope with current or future events. Anger can have a many triggers, so keeping a log of when it happens can help to direct the intervention to target the thoughts and behaviours in response to the provocation. In this particular circumstance the person might need to look at what is was about the situation this time that heightened the anger.You suggest that you normally cope with such situations by ignoring them. If we avoid dealing adaptively with anger provoking situations and just bite our tongue this can lead to the anger being internalised and feed depression. It can also contribute to a build up of frustation that leads to an outburst of anger, before settling down again to the ignore/avoid coping strategy and the cycle starting again.
Both anxiety and anger( and many other emotional disorders) respond well to CBT (Cognitive-behavioural Therapy) which is an evidence based psychological therapy. There are some very good self-help CBT books available, such as the ”Overcoming ………..” series published by Robinson which covers most emotional disorders. As I do not know the background history of the person asking this question, it might well be the case that deeper underlying unresolved issues, including CSA, might underpin the anxiety and anger. In this case these would need to be addressed to reduce the vulnerability to the triggers of these emotions, probably with the help of an appropriate therapist.
If you are fearful of losing your job because of your current difficulties, a discussion with your GP would be a good starting point to agree what your individual needs are.
Question 2(a): Since posting the answer to question 2, the individual who posed the question has provided some further detailed information about her severe abuse background. It would not be appropriate to publish all this information, so I will summerise the relevant additional detail to the question being asked. The emotional disturbance described in Q2 is in the context of having found a counsellor whom she is learning to trust ( previous counsellors were either abusive or unable to help) and therefore trying to let go of avoidant coping strategies to allow the therapy to progress. So the question asked is whether in this context it is normal to be experiencing the emotional difficulties described in Q2.
Answer 2(a): This additional information raises a good point about the therapy process. Most survivors of CSA have learnt strategies to cope with or avoid the often very powerful emotions associated with it. These are often adaptive in childhood but not as an adult. In therapy, part of the process can often be the need to go back to the abuse and change the maladaptive beliefs I described in Answer 1. Now in order to do this the client may have to let go of coping strategies that they believe have kept them safe from these emotions/memories. The effect of letting go can lead to a feeling of being exposed and vulnerable with a consequential increased intensity in anxiety, anger and other emotions. The important issue here is that the therapist and client should work together to plan an adaptive coping strategy, i.e what to do (behaviours) between therapy sessions if there are powerful emotions triggered, especially in the early stages of treatment. This planning is an essential part of the therapy process, especially to keep the client safe and have a sense of being in control. It is difficult to spontaneously think of an adaptive coping behaviour when your emotions are highly activated, so having a written plan to refer to can be very effective. This can include things you might do for yourself, such as self-soothing ,identifying friends or family you might contact or emergency numbers of professional help or specialist voluntary organisations. So the answer to the question posed is yes, it is normal to experience powerful emotions in the therapy process, and as such it is important to expect it and plan an adaptive response.
Question 3: Hi, I have heard some survivors of csa say that they are healed and have forgiven the abuser. I have done alot of work on improving my day to day life and thats better now after 2 years of counselling. But I don’t feel I can forgive and I wonder if I can ever say I am healed… I feel like although my life is better, the abuse cannot be erased and therefore it will always be part of me. Do you think people can erase what happened with healing?
Answer 3: This question raises some complex issues for surviviors of CSA. It is important not to link healing and forgiving, thereby making one contingent on the other. As previously indicated, every survivor has had a unique experience of abuse, and as such, how they view the abuse and abuser will be a subjective judgement. Similarly what constitutes healing will have a different meaning to each individual. Therapy can help to heal the emotional damage of the abuse and reframe the meaning of the event to reduce the emotional impact on day to day living. It has been my clinical experience that most survivors do not have a goal in therapy to be able to forgive the abuser and nor should it be seen as failing if you aren’t able to. CSA is wrong no matter what the background circumstnces of the abuser. It can be helpful to understand why and how the abuser made you a victim but that does not mean they have to be forgiven. Therapy can help someone to move from victim to survivor and get on with their lives in a more adaptive manner. It is not realistic to expect to erase the memories of abuse, and it may be the case that in trying to to do this it in some way invalidates the abuse experience .Emotionally powerful life experiences, both good and bad do stay in our memories, and it is how we store them and what they mean to us that will affect our day to day living.
Question 4: hi, I am a CSA survivor & have more good days than bad lately, having worked very hard in therapy. I still struggle massively with trust & control though, if I feel I have lost these then I quickly feel upset, desperate & angry……….is there anything I can do to improve this? I have very few friends, no family support & no partner. Thank you
Answer 4: Trust and control are obviously major issues for survivors of CSA. Both of these are fundamental to the abuse experience and when triggered as adults they can produce very powerful emotions as you are describing. You mention having worked very hard in therapy and having more good than bad days, which is good progress. It is not clear whether you are still in therapy, but if you are the issues you raise need working on with your therapist. I would hypothesise that the emotions being activated are possibly indicative of some maladaptive core beliefs/lifetraps that have not been fully addressed in therapy so they get triggered in certain situations, circumstances and environments. There is a self-help book called Reinventing Your Life by Jeffrey E Young and Janet S Klosko which can help to identify any lifetraps you may have, and then has specific chapters to help you work on them by yourself or with the help of an approppriate therapist. You appear to have made progress to date so it may be that you have a little more therapeutic work to do to resolve the remaining issues.
Question 5:How do I know who I can trust to tell about my past, some people will be okay with it and I think some people won’t. Is there a way to know who to tell? Difficult to decide thank you .
Answer 5: Another very good question about trust which raises some very complex issues. Much as I wish there was a simple answer, this is not the case. I suppose the important starting point is that trust is something that has to be earned by an individual. Trusting someone with very personal information about yourself is something we need to be as sure as we can they won’t abuse. As you say, some people with be ok with it (the knowledge of your past) other people may not. There are two elments to this – they are ok with the information and keep it safe (or not), or they can handle hearing the information about your past, or not.
Now for the first element as I indicated earlier, in order to check out whether we can trust someone, we will probably need to know them over time so that they can earn your trust by behaving towards you in an appropriate manner, showing respect and being honest and genuine. There is also an intuitive element to it, i.e a ‘gut feeling’ about a person, but we need to be careful about putting too much weight on just this if we have maladaptive core beliefs/lifetraps, as mentioned in answer 4. If you are unsure about whether you can trust someone, it is better to wait until this uncertainty is resolved before confiding in them. It is healthy and appropriate that we do not tell anyone too much too early on about ourselves. We need time to get to know them and for trust to develop. Our self-disclosure is usually a gradual process as we share information with others and they share in return. This interaction and the responses we get from sharing will help us to guage how far to go with self-disclosure with any particular individual. Sharing too much too soon can escalate the risk of the information shared being abused. If you are engaged in therapy with a qualified professional, it may be that this process of self-disclosure is shortened, but the rule still applies that you do not risk sharing details until you believe you can trust the Therapist.
The second element is whether someone can handle/cope with the detail you are sharing i.e be overwhelmed. If the steps in the first element have been followed then you would get a good idea what it is appropriate to share, as the level of self-disclosure increases over time. It is the responsibility of the individual to indicate what level of self-disclosure they are comfortable with and so set the boundaries in the relationship.
You are right to say it can be difficult to decide who to trust, especially for survivors of CSA. Trust has to be earned and this takes time, so aviod rushing in too far too soon with the self-disclosure.
Question 6: I have just struggled through another weekend. I am finding weekends very difficult, they remind me that I am single, they remind me that I am not surrounded by family. I feel like everyone around me is having a lovely time…and I am not What can I do to make it better?
Answer 6: This question raises a very important and sometimes unrecognised problem that survivors experience. Isolation and loneliness can be a consequence of difficulty retaining and maintaining relationships with close or immediate family members and establishing healthy relationships with others as a result of CSA. As mentioned in answer 5, trust plays such a huge part in connecting with others and for survivors it can feel safer not to get too close to avoid getting hurt or taken advantage of.
Unfortunately some survivors can also find it very difficult spending too much time on their own with too much thinking time, when thoughts can tend towards the negative and pessimistic. You say “I feel like everyone around me is having a lovely time .. and I’m not.” Whilst it may appear like that, feelings aren’t facts, and although some around you may be having a good time many others may just be having a so so time or even a not so good time. Most people if they spend too much time alone will eventually find it emotionally challenging to cope with.
How a survivor manages this kind of problem will depend on what their goals and needs are regarding family/friends/relationships, and their individual circumstances. My clinical experience has shown that survivors can sometimes find it easier if they don’t live on their own, i.e. share accommodation with someone else/others which can help to reduce time spent alone.
Another strategy is to try to engage in social activities where healthy friendships can develop, such as adult education classes, volunteering or special interest groups. These can offer the benefit of a regular activity from which friendships can develop and additional social activity can grow from this.
The way your question is phrased suggests you may be feeling disconnected and left out of what others are experiencing. Focusing on establishing healthy relationships and activities can help to reduce the loneliness and isolation. If weekends are the most difficult, ( as it may be for many) it would be appropriate to focus on establishing regular weekend activities, perhaps with others, as a starting point.
If this appears too daunting to tackle on your own, it may be that some professional support might help to get the ball rolling.
Question 7: Hi Chris, This question comes via and on behalf of the peer to peer group… How can survivors learn to accept their body, learn to care for and be aware of its needs rather than treating it like the enemy. It is hard to like something that was not only not valued but made to feel like rubbish. Surely it requires a whole turn around in our thinking and takes a long time?
Answer 7: This is a very good question and goes to the heart of the damage that results from being abused as a child. This is not a question to which there is a simple answer, but stay with me and I will try to do my best to explain the basis for this problem!!!
Accepting and nurturing your body as an adult when it is something that was treated in such an abusive manner when a child requires a significant shift in the emotional connection we have with our physical self. We all carry within us the child that we were. If a childs core needs for a safe, secure and nuturing environment with unconditional love and acceptance are not met, it is likely that this child self will not be healthily integrated into the adult we become. There can be left a sense of defectiveness and shame associated with the abuse/unmet needs, which manifest themselves in the adult with powerful emotional responses and dislike/ disgust of our physical selves because it reminds us of the abuse and unmet needs. The powerful emotions that get triggered are indicative of the vulnerable,angry or undisciplined inner child with unmet core needs. In order to help this neeedy child be healthily integrated, it needs help to have it’s core needs met. This is about self nuturing. It is important to remember that as a little child it was not your fault that parents/carers failed to protect you from abuse. The little child needs to hear that they were a lovable and good child who was failed by the adults around. This can be done, for example, by writing a letter from your adult self to your damaged inner child, telling them what you know now about what happened to them and that it was not their fault, and that you love them and will look after them from now on. In therapy we use imagery to access the inner child and rescript the beliefs the child has about themself which can prevent the adult from liking themselves and self nurturing. The book I mentioned before “Reinventing your life” has chapters on this. Kate Swift is well aware of this process as we worked together in therapy to enable her to nuture the very damaged little Kate she carried around inside her. Depending on how damaged the inner child is, you may require some professional help to to nurture the child. It is not a quick process to make changes, but if you can start to self nurture/pamper on a regular basis because you deserve it, it is a good start. It does not have to be big things, a long bubble bath listening to some favourite music, having a manicure/professional makeup, treating yourself to a show or special meal or new clothes, can be helpful. The important thing is to learn to love yourself unonditionally because of who you are, and not to reject the inner child who was a victim and now needs to be healed. Additionally, self-help books such as “overcoming low self-esteem” by Melanie Fennell can help you to understand the whole person you are, and challenge the distorted negative image that maintains our difficulty accepting who we are.
Question 8 :I have been diagnosed with DID. Can I ever get better or will I have this forever?
Answer8 : Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) (previously called multiple personality disorder) is a common severe effect of trauma in early childhood, including physical, emotional and sexual abuse. DID is a severe form of dissociation, a mental process which produces a lack of connection in a person’s thoughts, feelings, memories, actions or sense of identity. The dissociative aspect is a coping mechanism where the individual literally dissociates themself from a situation that is too violent, traumatic or painful to assimilate with the conscious self.
The number of personalities a person diagnosed with DID may have will usually grow as treatment progresses. It is not uncommon for a dozen or more to become known from a starting point of less that 5. It has been known for as many as 100+ to be identified in some individuals.
Now in answer to the question, it is thought that long term treatment including psychological therapy and medication can be successful if the client can manage to stay with the treatment. Most people with DID will have been in the mental health services for some years before they are diagnosed with DID. Once they get such a diagnosis it would be hoped that a referral to an appropriate service would follow.
There are many books available that explain the disorder and it’s treatment in detail so it is worth a search on the internet if you want to know more.
Question 9: I was abused by a family member as a child. I didn’t tell anyone and only couple of people know now, over 30 years later. I know it wasn’t my fault but why do I still feel so guilty and unable to say anything? I know what happened but I blank it out or make out it didn’t really happen. But it did. I’ve suffered depression, self harm, eating disorders, attempted suicide… I still struggle with intimacy but feel like I’m making excuses. Is this normal
Answer 9: This question encapsulates the common experience of survivors of CSA. Difficulty disclosing abuse at a young age and beyond is understandable. As a child it is difficult to make sense of the abuse (see Answer1) and the victim/survivor may have all kinds of fears of the consequences and repercussions if disclosure is considered. The non-disclosure of the abuse is therefore part of a coping strategy as are the other behaviours and mental health problems you detail. From the current difficulties you are describing, it appears you still have a number of unresolved issues relating to the abuse which will probably need addressing in therapy. Until the damaged inner child is helped to heal, the current coping strategies are likely to be activated at certain times, situations or in response to triggers. Whilst the coping strategies often work in childhood, they are often not helpful or adaptive as an adult. Difficulty with intimacy is entirely understandable for a survivor, especially sexual realtionships as the link to abuse is obvious and can trigger very powerful emotions.
The struggles and conflict you describe are normal for a survivor. You do not need to feel guilty about the difficulty of disclosure or feel you are making excuses to avoid intimacy or anything else. You are a survivor of CSA and need to be kind to yourself and seek the therapy that may help you heal and find more adaptive coping strategies.
Question 10: I have a problem that I am struggling to come to terms with who I
really am. I have a tendency to destroy the good things in my life. I
think I know why but I do not know how to change this aspect of my
personality. Anyone who gets too close to me I push away before they
can run, that way I lessen the damage to myself but in turn cause damage to the other person involved which is wrong on so many levels &
in a way makes me an abuser of sorts doesn’t it. I can see that this
is bad but how do I change it?
Answer 10: My first reaction on reading this question was to think how typical this sort of problem is with survivors of CSA. Forming healthy relationships and coping with intimacy can be very difficult when abuse of trust has resulted in the abuse of the child. It is understandable that if you fear rejection, abuse and abandonment (possibly others) as a result of childhood experiences, that rather than risk getting hurt physically or emotionally you get in first by pushing away/rejecting people who want to get close to you in a healthy way. The problem with the coping behaviours and rules for living you learnt as a child is that they tend to be a one size fits all and are fixed and inflexible. It does not make you an abuser as you are only doing what you think will keep you safe. As indicated in some of my previous answers, the coping strategies learnt as a child often do not work in adulthood. Consequently there is a need to learn more adaptive responses, to avoid repeating maladaptive behaviours. More of the same (plan A) results in more of the same in terms of outcome. An alternative plan B is needed in order to secure healthier outcomes.
The first sentence in this question raises an important point. If anyone is not sure who they are, it suggests there may be unresolved, deep rooted issues . My clinical experience suggests that such an individual may have some underlying maladaptive core beliefs (rigid/inflexible) that need working on. Unless or until these maladaptive core beliefs(lifetraps) are replaced by more adaptive and flexible ones, the individual is likely to repeat patterns of behaviour that don’t produce the desired outcome.
If you read the book ‘Reinventing your life’ which I have mentioned in previous answers, you can explore whether you have any maladaptive core beliefs/lifetraps that need working on. It’s a self-help book which gives guidance as to how to assess and work on any lifetraps that may be identified. It may be that is all you need to help you understand and change what is indicated. As always, it can be helpful to have a therapist ( appropriately qualified) to help you, especially in the beginning. On reading the book you will probably get a sense as to whether you think you need professional help.
Question 11: Chris, my question relates to sexual orientation. I experienced sexual
abuse as a child/teen by a male perpetrator and very soon afterwards
pursued a relationship (and married) a man who was also abusive. Those
are the only two intimate relationships I have ever had with males. I
eventually extracted myself from the marriage and am now happy and
settled with a female partner, but I sometimes feel that this was less
of a choice to be with a woman than it was a need not to be with a
man. Is it common for CSA to shape or influence sexual identity? Thank
you for your thoughts.
Answer 11: This is a very important question and one that has no simple answer. The debate about the origin of an individual’s sexual orientation, nurture vs nature etc. still continues, although perhaps nature rather than nurture is ahead in the debate. Now as you describe having been sexually abused by a male as a child/teen and then entered a relationship/marriage with an abusive male, one could argue that you have been conditioned by these aversive experiences to avoid any further relationships with men rather than risk further abuse. That would be a nice simple explanation, but it’s more complex than that. CSA does have a significant impact on how we see ourselves as sexual beings and whether we are able to engage in any particular kind of sexual experiences, if at all. Whether it affects our sexual orientation comes back to the nature vs nurture debate again.
I am sure many of us know individuals both male and female (I can think of three, none of whom were clients) who had been in non – abusive heterosexual relationships, had children and then moved out of the marriage and into a homosexual (gay) relationship. This perhaps is evidence that our sexuality is not necessarily fixed at any particular point, but exists on a continuum with heterosexuality at one end and homosexuality at the other. It would therefore be possible to move along the continuum (or not) at different times in our life, depending on our individual needs. You describe being happy and settled with a female partner, which is a crucial point. That being the case, it is important to enjoy what you have in the here and now. If anything happens to alter that in the future, it may then be appropriate to explore what caused the change in the relationship and review what your needs are. If you still feel the need to explore your own sexuality now, a specialist psychosexual therapist may be of help.
I am sure you and others reading this are aware of RELATE(UK) who offer specialist professional help to couples, heterosexual and homosexual who want help to sort out their problems, including sexual issues.
Question 12: After 30 years of marriage we are dealing with the sexual abuse again.
I know i shouldn’t pressure him for sex. but I feel completely
rejected by his need to watch porn and satisfy himself. We have
discussed the negative affects of porn but he still goes back to it.
What is the most supportive way of addressing my issues with this.
Right now I kinda just freak out, that can’t help.
Answer 12: Addiction to pornography is a problem that appears to be growing as access to it becomes increasingly available, often at the click of a button. I recall attending a workshop around 10 or so years ago, run by a respected American Psychologist who has advised the US government on issues related to CSA. She made it clear then that addiction to pornography was likely to become a major social crisis around the world as the availability of it became more widespread.
Of course you have the right to expect a healthy relationship with your partner, including sex. You are correct in labelling his behaviour towards you as abusive, as indeed it is. You have tried to talk the problem through, but he is drawn back to the abusive behaviour. It is important that you remember that it is his problem, which he has to take responsibility for. If he values his relationship with you then he should be willing to seek help for his addiction. You can support him in seeking help with his problem, but not support him in continuing with what you experience as abusive behaviour. I can understand why you “freak out” in response to the way he behaves, as his inability to stop the abusive behaviour can potentially trigger of powerful thoughts and feelings associated with CSA.
If he wants to change (and he has to want to change) then he could start by talking through his problem with his GP, who could then discuss the possible help available. It may be worth contacting RELATE to enquire whether they are able to offer help to you as a couple also. If he is unwilling to seek help you will have to think about what your bottom line is, and the cost to you of remaining in the relationship with the current situation remaining unchanged.
Question 13: I have self-harmed since the age of 8. 33 years now. How can I get
help and what can I do to break the cycle? My self-harm has often been
life threatening in the past 4 years or so.
Answer 13: Self – harm is usually indicative of significant unresolved psychological trauma which causes very strong emotional reactions to particular situations or events, and the need to diffuse the psychological pain by self-harming. The fact that you have been stuck in a self-harm cycle for so many years indicates that you need professional help with the underlying and unresolved problems. My experience of working with clients who use self-harm to cope is that it is essential for them to work with professional(s) to address their problems, as most have tried for many years to cope as best they can, but their solutions are not effective. You have indicated that some of your self-harm behaviour in the past 4 years has been life-threatening, which suggests that emergency services and/or health professionals have been involved at some time. My advice to anyone who uses self-harm to cope is to see your GP and ask for help .In an emergency you should of course use the A&E department at the hospital.
Self-harm is not something that will just go away as I am sure most survivors who have in the past or currently self-harm will know. Breaking the cycle of maladaptive coping strategies is a complex process, but with the right guidance the cycle can be changed to something more healthy and adaptive. Don’t struggle on alone, ask for help!
Question 14: How do i help and support my husband when his son has raped my daughter and his daughter witnessed this rape 7 yrs ago and only now has a complaint been made to the police. How can our family ever come thru such an ordeal and be a strong family unit again?
Answer 14: This is a very complex and difficult situation to manage and find a way through. The phrasing of the question leads me to assume that your husband’s son and daughter are from a previous relationship. I would also assume that as the police are now involved they will have informed, and be liaising with the appropriate statutory authorities. Putting aside the legal processes, the main thrust of your question is about the family surviving the ordeal and finding a way to heal.
I would suggest that you will probably need help as family unit and individually, to come to terms with the reality and trauma of the disclosure and the changed family dynamics. The initial response to such disclosures usually causes chaos within the family structure, with a mix of powerful thoughts and emotions being experienced. It may be difficult for individuals to offer support to other family members while they are still trying to process their own thoughts and emotions about the disclosure. Your daughter who has been raped should, I hope, be offered specialist psychological help to deal with the trauma of such an abusive experience. The abuser will no doubt be dealt with through the legal process. The daughter who witnessed the rape will have her own needs, and as a potential witness in any legal proceedings may find having to describe what she observed emotionally challenging. As parents of those involved and as individuals you will both have your own issues to deal with, which will be mediated by your own life experiences, coping strategies and skills.
I would therefore suggest that you may all initially benefit from some individual professional support, and if wanted, collectively you could benefit from some family therapy sessions. When the initial chaos starts to subside and the due legal process has taken its course, the healing can progress. It will be a complex journey, but with the right support it is one that can lead to a recovery over time, with family bonds strengthened.
Question 15:Please has anyone got any words of consolation/advice/comfort to give to a victim/early survivor who’s dad (1 of the perpetrators of abuse against her) who is dying. She loves him, respects him and is very sad. I know how to comfort someone in grief, just think this will be more complex with more layers of emotions involved for her and family Thankyou in advance.
Answer 15: You say that you know how to comfort someone in grief, which will be of great help to this person. You are correct that this is going to be a more complex process due to the fathers’ role in her abuse. From your description, the individual concerned has come to a place where she is able to love and respect him so maybe has already worked through some issues between them. If there are any unresolved issues it may not now be possible or appropriate to raise them at this stage. Her sadness that you mention could be indicative of the start of the grieving process. As you may be aware, it is suggested there are five stages in the grieving process,(denial, anger, bargaining, depression & acceptance) and it may be in this process that conflicting thoughts and feelings arise for her and her family after his death. The important thing is to acknowledge that this is understandable and normal and allow for them to be expressed and processed. The loss of a parent who is also perpetrator can be very confusing and it may take some time to come to the final stage of grieving, which is acceptance.
Question 16: It has just been exposed that my dad is a paedophile who raped my
older sister when she was 4. He has been arrested and bailed pending
an investigation due to lack of evidence.
My son who is now 9 has been in the house with both my dad and my mum.
I need to know, how would I know if something has happened to my son.
Would he tell me? I have asked him calmly and he has said no. How can
I know for sure. We are close so I feel like he would be able to tell
me. But what if something happened when he was little. Maybe too
little to remember. Is this common. Or do children always remember
What if he abused me and I can’t remember.
I’m 7 months pregnant and the stress of this is unreal. I am so very
angry that I would like to kill him with my bare hands. When I
confronted him he denied that he is a paedophile but later admitted it
to my mum.
I attacked him when questioning him and hurt him quite badly. I keep
having flashbacks of this. I feel guilty for attacking him. But why do
I feel guilt when he raped a child.
Please help me.
Answer 16: I am sorry to hear of this dreadful event in your family. As it has only just come to light the shock of finding out will take some time to subside. The anger you are expressing is to be expected and normal in response to such a reported crime. It is also natural to question all relationships between the abuser and other family members as you try to come to terms with a changed understanding of your father.
If your father has been bailed, is it due to lack of evidence or to allow for futher investigation to follow leads and secure the evidence? As you indicate he has admitted to your mother he is a paedophile?
The questions you ask about the risk of your son or yourself having been abused without remembering does not have a definitive answer. Sexual abuse is a traumatic experience for the victim, so the memory of it is retained and stored as such. Younger victims who do not have the vocabulary to articulate abuse will often demonstrate behavioural changes that indicate something is wrong. You describe having a close relationship with your son so were well placed to pick up any signs of distress in earlier years, as were others having regualar contact, including those at school. He is now old enough to be able to tell you if any abuse took place and says it didn’t. So at present there is currently no evidence to indicate he was abused. The same applies to you to.
Your anger towards your father, and confusing feelings of guilt for having attacked him are understandable. Whilst you want revenge for his crime and failing as a parent, there is also a bit of you that still connects to him in the father/ daughter relationship. I have heard of this confusion from many victims. It is important to remember that what he did was wrong and destroyed all trust and negated any rights he may have had in his relationships with those he has betrayed.
I hope that you and your family are able to obtain the support that you need to get through this terrible ordeal. It may be helpful to talk to your doctor to discuss what your needs are so that they can help you access appropriate skilled help. The police may also have made suggestions of agencies that might help in these situations.
As indicated in my opening sentence, this will be a chaotic period for all concerned and it may take some time until the shock and associated thoughts and emotions begin to subside. Use whatever resources are available to help you through this chaos and over time healing can begin.
I wish you well.
Question 17: Message:
Hi. My friend experiences loss of time in which she cannot remember
anything. To our knowledge this lasts anything from half and hour to 9
hours or so. When I have been with her I observe that she reverts back
to childhood and is as a child. She does not recognise me, her home,
anything, and is very confused. I have learnt that the best way to
deal with it is to reassure her and treat her as I would a young child
until it passes. Sometimes this has been brought on by intense
flashbacks/nightmares, police videolinks, but other times there
appears to be no trigger. She worries that this will come on when she
is out alone and worries saying that “I can’t let a child out on her
Our concern is how vulnerable she is when in this condition and that
people may not understand why an adult is behaving as a child and may
not respond in a helpful way.
My friend is very confused about why this happens. We have some info
on why but the main thing is can it be predicted and what can be done
to help her manage it?
She has a Cpn and a therapist. She finds it hard to communicate these
experiences to them although she tries very hard to express herself as
she does not understand what is happening herself. She is a survivor
of CSA and diagnosed with BPD.
Any advice you can give would be greatly appreciated.
Answer 17: I’m not sure I am able to give a comprehensive response to this question. The reason I say this is that without a detailed understanding of the history of your friend and treatment interventions tried in the past and currently, I can only respond in general terms. As she has a CPN and a therapist she has probably been supported by professionals for a significant period of time. It is certainly a difficult disorder for you to manage as her friend, and you can only do the best you are able. Ultimately the professionals have the responsibility to manage any risk associated with her disorder, and should agree with her a plan for emergencies.
Keeping a diary of when these episodes occur (which may be dissociative states) can perhaps help to pick up any patterns and triggers that may not be apparent at the time. You say she worries that it might happen if she is out on her own, which suggests this has not yet come about. Part of her plan for emergencies could be how she manages/avoids such situations. If it has not happened when she is on her own it may indicate that the child state is only activated when safe to do so, i.e. when others are around.
Could she perhaps speak to the professionals involved in her care and give permission for them to advise you how to support her care plan, including managing these episodes if they occur when you are around. Any input you may offer to help her manage these episodes needs to be guided by the overall care plan that the professionals and your friend have agreed, to ensure consistency.
The fact that she has a therapist would indicate that she is getting psychological treatment to address her personality disorder, which should in time minimise the likelihood of such episodes occurring.
Hi, I have just found a counsellor to help me deal with years of
severe csa as a boy. But Im wondering how long this will take, I
anticipate a few months at the most? Is this realistic? Is there a set
time frame to fix this stuff. Thanks.
I am pleased that you have found a counsellor to help you with the CSA you experienced as a boy.
You have asked a question that I am often asked at the beginning of therapy during the assessment session, i.e. “how long will the therapy last or how many sessions are needed?” Everyone entering therapy is a unique individual, with a presenting problem that requires a thorough assessment and a clear explanation from the therapist as to the proposed therapy intervention. You have indicated how long you anticipate the therapy will last. I would imagine your therapist has given you some idea about treatment length following assessment. It is not clear from your question whether you have actually have had your first session yet, so if not, it is a question you could ask at assessment.
In my clinical practice I discuss with clients an agreed number of sessions at which point we review progress (although the model I use assumes an on-going review, session to session). At the main review we will discuss progress and contract for further sessions if appropriate.
I cannot say whether a few months is a realistic time frame, as the assessment process informs the treatment intervention and timescale. CSA often leaves deep psychological trauma and disorder, so the nature and extent of this should help you and your therapist have an idea about what treatment is needed. In GeneralThe more complex the problem the longer the treatment process.
Given all that I have said so far, you can deduce that there is no fixed time frame for the therapy process. The model of therapy engaged in will affect the number of sessions and time frame, for example some have an open ended approach and others are more goal oriented/focused. Therapy can last from weeks up to years; the important issue is a good therapy relationship with the therapist and a belief and evidence that the therapy is effective for you. Don’t be afraid to ask your therapist questions about the therapy process, or indeed to express any concerns you may have about it’s efficacy.
I wish you well with the therapy.
I feel like i am weaker than others as i cant seem to move on as
easier as other people. I used to go to counselling at a place called
axis which just deals with adults who have been sexually abused as
children, but i am now missing it, is this normal cos i dont think i
coping to grand. My sessions with them have finished and i cant go
back cos they have already had me back twice and cant really go back,
dont think they would have me back anyway,
Answer 19: I am always concerned when I hear the use of weak and strong in the context of therapy. Psychological and emotional distress is not the result of an individual being strong or weak, nor is their ability to benefit from therapy. You use the term counselling for the sessions you have had with Axis, an organisation I am not aware of. Counselling means different things to different people. I assume that Axis has specialist trained counsellors/therapists to work with survivors of CSA?
It is likely that you will miss the support of a therapy relationship, even if the therapy has not dealt with/healed the underlying problems associated with the abuse. The fact that you have needed to return twice for further sessions suggests that either the therapy approach they use is not the right one for you or the therapy ended too soon. My clinical experience indicates that most survivors with a complex background will need longer term therapy with an experienced therapist who is using a theoretical approach that is known to be effective for survivors of CSA.
You say you “feel” like you are weaker. Feelings are not facts; they are usually an emotional response to thoughts passing through your mind, often in as a reaction to events and circumstances. Perhaps you have had thoughts about “failing” relative to others “succeeding” in their counselling/therapy? Moving on psychologically is about effecting change, and the changes required by each individual will be different.
It appears from your question that you would like to have more therapy. I don’t know what local resources are available where you are, but there should be some kind of NHS service. Your GP or local mental health team should be able to point you in the right direction.
You are not weaker than others, you just need to find the right king of therapy for you!
I have been referred to various places (including the priory) for
anger management courses by therapists in the past. They have all said
that I am a very angry person, yet as I never get angry outwards,
these courses have never worked. I don’t see myself as being angry
person. What do they see that I don’t? My anger shows in my self harm,
but that is just against myself so it’s not real anger is it? Do I
need to find the real anger to get help? For me, anger means violence!
The last two sentences, one a question and one a statement, go the heart of the overall question. It would appear from what you have said that you don’t express anger as that equates to violence. Perhaps there is also a fear of losing control of your anger which may lead to violence? This fear can fuel avoidant coping behaviour which my involve suppressing any anger. Anger does not have to lead to violence. There are healthy/adaptive responses to feeling angry which do not involve violence. Those referring you for anger management may have identified suppressed or internalised anger in you and decided that anger management might be helpful.
Anger is a normal human emotion we can experience when our own rules for living (adaptive and maladaptive) are violated, or we feel demands are being placed on us that we don’t believe we have the resources to meet.
Self-harm is a means of relieving psychological distress in the moment, but it does not address the underlying psychological problems, hence repeated episodes of self-harm. It doesn’t necessarily have to be anger driven.
Finding the cause of any internalised/suppressed anger or distress is important so that it can be addressed and a more adaptive coping strategy developed. Internalised or suppressed anger can feed depression. My clinical experience of working with survivors of CSA suggests that there is often anger residing in the abused child relating to unmet need at the time of the abuse, including that of the right to have a safe, secure and nurturing environment in which to develop. In therapy, the angry abused child needs to be able to deal with this unmet need which will in turn heal the unresolved issues around the abuse and the internalised anger. You do not state what model or the extent of the therapy you have had in the past, but perhaps help finding out the cause of the identified anger may be the starting point to addressing it. Help expressing any supresssed anger can be cathartic and therapeutically very effective.
I was abused from the age of 2 until 13. This was done by many people
including my gp and a policeman. My mother knew about the abuse and
instigated some of it. My problem is with friendships. I make quick
friendships which I think are “deep” then when people don’t phone me
when I think they should I feel overly hurt and just want to push them
right away. How can I get over the feeling of all or nothing? Why
can’t I just trust people?
This question raises a very important consequence of CSA, that of the loss of trust and difficulty choosing healthy people with whom to form relationships and indeed how to have healthy relationships! In answer to your last question, (how could you ‘just’ trust people) I would say that when a vulnerable child has its’ trust in adults betrayed in the manner you did, how can you risk trusting anyone? The problem you describe with friendships is understandable given your unmet needs as a child. The desire for friend you can rely on and trust is something we all need. Deep/close relationships develop over time as we gather information about a potential friend or partner which suggests they are reliable, honest, respectful and trustworthy amongst other things. Your response to not receiving a telephone call when you expect it is indicative of feeling let down and abandoned by the individual, even if they have not intentionally done either of these things. There is also a process that we call schema (lifetrap) chemistry(buttons being pushed) which can play a hidden role in attracting you to people who behave in the very manner you don’t want. I have worked with a number of clients to draw up a list of warning signs in potential friend/partners that may indicate they are being drawn in for the wrong reasons.
The details of your question indicate that you may still carry around the abused child within you which has unmet needs that require an experienced therapist to help you meet. In my clinical work I use imagery and re-scripting in order to facilitate the meeting of the child’s needs which allows for the healthy integration into the adult.
If you have already had therapy to address the CSA, the lifetrap book illustrated under answer 10 can help identify any lifetraps you may have that are affecting your life now ( abandonment for instance) and how to set about changing them. I should point out that most survivors will have many of the lifetraps listed,(pre- treatment/therapy) it is very rare that a survivor has just one or two. It may be that you also need professional help to make some of the changes recommended.
See answer 4 which has also addressed trust issues
My boyfriend is a survivor of child abuse, he finds a lot of comfort in
sex and says it makes him feel loved and not be upset about what
happened to him. I’m having trouble coping with how heavily our
relationship and his treatment of me depends on sex. If I don’t have
sex with him he won’t speak to me or treat me nicely and has gone as
far as to threaten suicide because I’m not giving him what he needs. I
tried to talk to him about this but he says I’m making him feel guilty
about sex and like a rapist, and then he won’t speak to me until I
have sex with him again.
This has been on-going throughout our relationship and I don’t know how
make things better, is there anything I can do to make this better?
Answer 22 :
I feel I must start my answer to this question with a very clear statement. Nobody has to have sex if they do not want it. We all have the right to place limits and boundaries around when we choose to engage in sexual activity. Anyone who is coerced or forced into sex against their wishes is having their rights violated and abused. Your boyfriend may well get comfort in sexual activity with you, but he is using it as a maladaptive coping behaviour to manage the unresolved issues from his childhood abuse. If he doesn’t deal with the underlying damage, this maladaptive coping i.e. sex to deal with psychological distress , is only good until the next time he feels the need for comfort and to feel loved. Sex is not the solution, is has become part of the problem. It doesn’t matter how many times he has sex, unless he deals with the underlying and unresolved psychological damage from the childhood abuse, the sex is only a very short term fix to feel good.
I don’t know how long you have been in a relationship with this man, but what you describe is not healthy for either of you. You describe your relationship and his treatment of you as dependent on having sex when he needs/wants it, which is dysfunctional. The emotional pressure he places on you in order to obtain your compliance with his sexual demands is abusive and unacceptable. Threats of suicide are concerning, but in a healthy relationship they would not be used to gain compliance with unreasonable behaviour. I am not surprised he feels guilty when you try to talk to him about it as he has to face the fact that he is violating your rights to make your own choices about your own body.
It is not your responsibility to make things better for him. He needs help to find a healthier way to feel loved and less distressed about the abuse that is adaptive and allows for a healthy relationship based on mutual respect for each other. He will almost certainly need some professional help, but he needs to take responsibility for his own problems. It is appropriate for you to support him in the process of getting help, but he has to be motivated to seek it. Whilst it may be difficult for you, by not giving in to his inappropriate sexual demands (applying your limits and boundaries) and encouraging him to seek professional help, you will contribute towards breaking an unhealthy cycle of behaviour on his part. If he does not get help, the current dysfunctional pattern of the relationship is likely to continue.
RELATE also offer help to couples with relationship difficulties, so this could be pursued if both are in agreement, but I would expect he will need individual help alongside any couples therapy.
Question 23: Is anyone aware of behavior in which a person will purposefully store
food secretly in order that the food rots. And they keep it there as
like ‘a shame cupboard’? As a secret shame. Even if they keep the rest
of the house spotless.
Sorry if this sounds out there. Genuinely interested if anyone knows
more about this type of thing.
It is in reference to an adult survivor of childhood abuse.
The person is very clear and certain (as am I) that this is not eating
This is a difficult question to respond to as I would need to complete a detailed assessment with the individual to establish the onset and history of the behaviour. It seems to suggest that this behaviour is externalising feelings of badness/shame and trying to separate them from the rest of the person/self. Shame is a common experience for survivors, and overcoming feelings of shame are part of the healing process. You are right in that what is described is not an eating disorder, assuming that the individual is otherwise eating normally and maintaining a healthy body weight.
Without the individual history behind this problem it would be inappropriate to speculate a treatment intervention. I would suggest that seeking professional advice/assessment in the first instance would be wise, this may then help to establish a formulation of the behaviour that can then inform a treatment intervention.
Hi Chris. My inner child wants to be mothered. I do my best I think. I
have noticed that with some of my friendships she identifies the
person as a “good mummy” type and wants to earn their approval by
doing and saying the “right” things, and by being “helpful”. This
leaves me feeling confused, do I like the person etc or am I being
unconsciously motivated by my inner child. Also when she thinks
someone might be a ” good mummy” to her she is vulnerable to feeling
hurt and rejected which I feel holds me back from being relaxed in the
friendship. I am struggling with this. Any advice?
This is a very good question about the issue of unmet needs in childhood. Every child has the right to expect that its need for a safe, secure and nurturing environment, as well as unconditional love and acceptance will be provided by their parents/carers. If these needs are not met, the child is carried around by the adult and will keep trying to get the needs met. I am sure you try to meet you inner child’s needs, but what you are describing suggests something is being missed. If certain friends are experienced by you as “mummy types” and therefore potentially nurturing, seeking their approval in order to try and get your inner child’s needs met is understandable. Your feelings of vulnerability are probably related to trust and the fear of being let down, disappointed or even abandoned.
The key issue here is finding a way to permanently meet the needs of the inner child. If you look at the book “re-inventing your life” (see bottom of Answer 10) there are strategies outlined for identifying the specific unresolved childhood issues and approaches to healing/meeting the needs of the inner child. You may find you are able to do this work on your own or you might need the help of an appropriate professional to work with the inner child’s needs.
When the needs have been met, the child will be healthily integrated with the adult self and the emotional triggers should dissipate.
Question 25: What if a child is confused, and feels that the sexual attention is a
good thing compared with everything else in their life and so gives
mixed signals? Does this make it their fault?
Answer 25: It is never the fault of a child who is sexually abused. Abuse is abuse whatever the context. For a child to experience sexual attention as better than the rest of their existence, it is evidence of the failure/neglect of their carers to offer a safe, secure and nurturing environment which the child is entitled to and has a right to expect. Sexual abuse can confuse a child who expects adults/carers to meet their needs and not abuse them. To a neglected child, sometimes any attention can feel better than none at all even if it is inappropriate/abusive. A child is dependent and vulnerable and no one should take advantage of that. Whatever signals a confused child might give, they are not wanting sexual attention, they want to have their core needs met for a safe, secure, nurturing, validating environment and to feel unconditionally loved in a non-sexual manner. If these needs were met the child would not be confused in the first instance!
Question 26: Having been sexually abused from eight to eighteen I am now fifty six
and realize I still have issues with stunted mental growth. How can
this be treated? I feel I am getting worse trying to function in the
world…just getting by!
Answer 26: I am unsure exactly what you mean by stunted mental growth, but I will assume that you are describing psychological and emotional difficulties from the abuse that have not yet been healed. What is suggested by your question is common to survivors of CSA, maladaptive core beliefs and associated rules for living developed in childhood still causing problems in later adult years. As is often the case, survivors do their best to cope with the thoughts and emotions associated with the beliefs, but often the coping strategy does not deal with underlying maladaptive beliefs (or lifetraps as they are called in the re-inventing your life book).
I think that you probably need help to identify your own maladaptive beliefs so that you can work with them and develop more adaptive beliefs and rules for living in their place. It might be worth you getting a copy of the re-inventing your life book and doing the lifetrap questionnaire in chapter 2, to see which lifetraps, if any, you have. The book does then have specific chapters to address any lifetraps that are scored as significant for you. You can then try and work on them on your own and/or seek a trained therapist to help you make the changes.
It can be surprising how having the understanding and insight into the mechanisms that maintain your difficulties can be the start of the road to overcoming them.
Question 27: I have recently discovered that my daughter of 16 is self-harming. I
caught sight of the cuts across her stomach by accident. She assures
me that she has this under control now and that she will not do it
again. Being a survivor from childhood sexual abuse I have been there
myself and I think the thing that hurts me more than anything else is
that she has found herself in such a dark place. We have always been
close and she appears to be able to talk to me about anything,
something that I could not do with my parents. She has also discussed
thoughts that she may be bi-sexual with me. I reassured her that
thoughts and questions about sexuality, particularly in the age
bracket that she is in, are perfectly normal but there would certainly
be no issues from me or her dad if that was in fact the case. She was
not unhappy about her thoughts on this and we chatted about it quite
openly.My question is really, what, if anything should I do regarding
the self-harming? My initial thoughts were to give her time to see if
she had in fact ‘stopped’ but I have no real way of truly knowing
that so at what point can I stop worrying? She wrote me a long letter
telling me not to worry but also saying that she does not want to
discuss it and for me not to mention it to anyone as it is now in the
Answer 27: I can understand your dilemma, especially being a survivor. I think a key question relates to the last line above in which your daughter says it is all in the past. I am not sure what she is saying is all in the past(the self-harm or what caused the behaviour) , but the fact that she has cuts across her stomach indicate that whatever it is cannot be too far in the past, unless they are scars, rather than recent cuts. She has of course said that she will not do it again (self-harm).
For anyone to get to a point where they feel the need to self-harm suggests significant psychological trauma at some time in their life. Are you aware of any events/trauma in your daughter’s life that might have precipitated her self-harming behaviour? It is good that you have a close relationship with her and you appear to have handled her thoughts about bi-sexuality very well. It may be that in relation to the self-harm the best you can do is to make it clear to your daughter that you are concerned/worried about it (despite her telling you not to be in her letter!), and that you are available to talk about it when/if ever she needs to. If appropriate you could share with her that you have also been there so understand what drives the need to self-harm. You could also suggest that if she would rather speak to someone neutral, she could speak to her GP or an appropriate voluntary organisation. The key here is not to push too hard, and allow her to choose when/if she is ready to talk about any underlying issues and to whom he chooses to discuss it with.
Obviously if you thought her behaviour was putting herself at serious risk, you might want to speak to her GP yourself, but only if you have serious concerns.
As a caring parent you understandably want to help your daughter out if you can, and in the short term it may be that you have to watch and wait until she asks for you to become involved.
Hello, I have been in therapy now for 6 months and have uncovered
through therapy that I was sexual abused by my father when I was a
child, however I have had repressed my memories of my childhood until
now 30 years on, but I still do not have full memories of the abuse
just little flashbacks can that be totally normal and why do I not
find that I am angry towards my dad but I am angry with myself and
always have struggled with very low self esteem. Is it possible to get
through this pain ? I would be very grateful if you have any answers.
Answer 28: This is a difficult question to answer as there are many more questions I would like to ask to establish more background information and what kind of therapy you are having. Without this I can only make general comments regarding the various points you have raised.
I would imagine you went into therapy with some existing difficulties and the abuse memories have surfaced whilst addressing the initial presenting problem. The repression of thoughts and images associated with CSA to avoid the feelings attached to them is quite a common coping strategy. Flashbacks are also a feature of traumatic events, which tend to also involve strong emotional association. You indicate that you have had repressed childhood memories for 30yrs. Was this repression of all aspects of your childhood? If so, establishing the reason for this repression might help to gain further insight, including possible further details of any abuse that took place.
With regard to the anger, part of the therapy process is to help an individual process emotions including those associated with abuse if appropriate, and heal the guilt, shame and responsibility that survivors can be left to carry for years.It is not clear what you get angry with yourself for/about, but your therapist should be able to help you work on this. It is important that anger is processed in an adaptive manner to avoid maintaining the problem. The absence of anger towards your father may be indicative of the current stage of your understanding of any abuse perpetrated by him. This is only an hypothesis based on the information in your question.
Low self-esteem is an obvious consequence for survivors, and there are specific approaches that can help to build up a more accurate and secure sense of self that allows a more stable, day to day experience. The Melanie Fennell book, “overcoming low self-esteem” has a good structure to begin to make changes towards a healthy self-esteem.
The emotional and psychological pain associated with CSA can seem like it will never end. It can be healed with the right help to find an adaptive way of confronting and healing traumatic life events.
Question 29: Being a man with asperger’s syndrome, I find that my chances of
getting help are extremely slim. I constantly live with the fear that
there isn’t anyone out there that can help me, and I live with having
periodical flashbacks of when I was abused and raped by the person of whom I once called my friend.
Answer 29: The fact that you have Asperger’s Syndrome should not affect your access to help with problems resulting from CSA. Although it is not my specialist area, I am aware that it can be difficult for adults to get access to the limited specialist services for those diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome. The trauma symptoms from the abuse you describe are something that can be addressed by mainstream mental health services, and your GP is the first port of call to discuss your needs. If you have a diagnosis of Asperger’s, I assume that your GP is aware of this and will include this knowledge in the assessment of how best to meet your needs. Be as assertive as you can when negotiating help, and I hope you are able to get the support you deserve.
I wonder if you can help me, I saw your details on the Napac website.
Im currently having therapy due to sexual abuse i endured as a child
from my uncle. However there is one topic that is triggered by my OCD
that my therapist said would be good to get outside opinions from to
help me see rationally. When i was about 8 years old a friend of mine
(same age) would force me to play sexual games with her, which i found
quite unsettling and upsetting. From what i remember i think i them
showed these games to other friends of the same age. Im not sure the
time span of how long these games lasted, maybe a year? Now i am older
(23) i remembered these incidents amd i feel guilty and ashamed. What
if they felt abused like i did from my uncle? I feel like even though
i was only a child and the same age im scared that they might think i
abused them. I am terrified (and my therapist said this is my
irrational thoughts) but i am terrified incase these girls now
remember and go to the police about me, and say that when i was a
child i was an abuser. Thank you for listening.
Answer 30 :
I am pleased that you are currently in therapy so you have professional help with this distressing problem. You say that the topic is triggered by your OCD which suggests these are obsessional thoughts that you have a high level of belief in. An important element of the treatment is to help you challenge how much you believe that at 8 years of age you ‘abused ‘ your friends rather than engaged in games you learned from someone else. All children engage in experimental play throughout the different developmental stages. Some of this may involve innocent play of a sexual nature. Your 8 year old friend must have received her ideas for the sexual games from someone else herself in order to engage you in them. If it was sexual behaviour inappropriate for a child of her age then it is possible she had been/was being abused by an older person.
The fact that at 8 years of age she would force you to do things against your wishes must have been distressing for you. However, you do describe what you did with your friends as play and I’m sure that is most likely how they experienced it. It would not be experienced by them as sexual abuse and certainly not the same as the abuse by your uncle. He was an adult who knew what he was doing was wrong but deliberately chose to do what he did. Children experimenting and playing between themselves is a normal part of growing up. I suspect that your friends won’t even remember most of the play that you engaged in. Do you really believe that play between 8 year olds is going to be viewed as abuse within a legal framework?
It is important that together with your therapist you work on challenging your belief that experimenting with your childhood friends might have been abusive. This will fit well within the framework of your therapy to address the abuse by your uncle which no doubt affects how you think about the childhood play with your friends.
Question 31: Hi Chris, for a start Thank You for doing this for
people…Ok…ok..um..I was abandoned by my mother when I was 5 and
then went to live with my grandparents for 2 years…in those 2 years
I was abused by uncle that lived in the same house..after this father
got remarried and then went through physical and emotional from him
and stepmother..she was extremely controlling and would lie to him
about things I had not done which usually resulted in strapping or
fingers burnt on the stove etc. I left there at 15 and went into a
relationship that wasn’t the greatest either but that was my fault
because I could not give him what he wanted…I am now 46…PTSD and
after 10 months of therapy cannot seem to go on with anything
anymore…the road is darker by the day.
I am sorry to hear that you have had such an abusive childhood which has consequentially affected your relationships and quality of life as an adult. It is not too difficult to understand how the childhood abuse you describe will have resulted in the development of maladaptive core beliefs (rigid beliefs about yourself, the world and others). These maladaptive rigid beliefs which underpin our thought processing can cause an individual to make wrong choices and repeat unhelpful patterns of behaviour. The relationship you went into aged 15 that ‘wasn’t the greatest’, was probably due to a maladaptive core belief being activated and drawing you into a relationship that was not healthy for you. That was not your fault, but the fault of those who abandoned and abused you, when they should have given you a safe, secure and nurturing environment to grow up and thrive in. You mention PTSD, (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) which is very commonly diagnosed in those abused in childhood. This is a very treatable disorder, which in should be addressed in the overall treatment of childhood abuse.
I have mentioned before the book ‘re-inventing your life’ (see picture under Answer 10) which helps individuals via questionnaires to identify any maladaptive core beliefs (called lifetraps in the book) they may have, with separate chapters for each significant lifetrap. It then offers help as to how to develop more adaptive beliefs and behaviours in order to change unhelpful life patterns. From your description, I am confident that some work on any maladaptive core beliefs you may have would be helpful.
You do not indicate what kind of therapy you have been undertaking for the last 10 months, but if you do not feel you are making progress you should discuss it with your therapist. It is important that you have a clear idea about how the therapy is going to help you achieve your therapy goal(s), ( which should be agreed collaboratively with your therapist at the beginning of therapy) and your therapist will probably welcome an opportunity to discuss any concerns you may have.
The end of your question suggests an increasing level of depression which should urgently be discussed with your GP as well as your therapist at your next appointment. It is very important to address the depression first as it affects the ability to work other issues effectively.
Answer 31 (part 2) Since posting my answer to Q31 I have received additional information from the individual regarding her problems with medication and overdoses. My clinical experience of working therapeutically with survivors with clinically significant levels of depression is that anti-depressant and/ or other medication can play a significant role in aiding the therapy process. Taking overdoses can sabotage the therapy, and where appropriate I usually have a contract at the beginning of any therapy with clients that they will not self harm whilst in treatment, and agree alternatives to keep them safe. Perhaps this kind of approach might help you to be safely prescribed medication and help the therapeutic process.
I am at a total loss as to how to help my son…three weeks ago he
started having signs of depression, then he started talking about
being sexually abused while in my sisters house….twice. Let me be
clear…I have always hated this sister and only allowed her to
babysit him once and let him go to his cousins sleepover birthday…I
would not allow him to visit them…we all only saw them once a year
at Christmas at my moms and if we stopped in to visit my parents and
they came in as we’ll…she was to never se or watch my son…but
twice I guess I used poor judgement and now his life is shattered…he
is in grave mental distress struggling to put flashbacks and
nightmares into perspective…and in doing so he is only communicating
with my sister and his cousin…he is so angry and hateful toward
me…I am petrified of him and keep my doors and windows locked…I
jump with every sound in the house…he has hurled filthy names to me,
threatened to kill me and himself…he has been taken to emerg by us,
his former employer, the police, yet he sounds so convincing to the
emerg drs that they let him leave but had to attend the mental crisis
health unit and they put him on medication…won’t tell me what it is,
and he has a mandatory meeting with the psychiatrist sometime in
June….he keeps saying we are blocking or unblocking him, he states
he was eight months old when he was abused and he watched the same
person abuse his two year old cousin…this can’t be…it can’t…he
is so not in reality…if he calls to talk I can’t bring him back to
normality as he was…he gets so angry so now I just tell him I love
him, to take his medication, encourage him to see his dr regularly and
mental health care team, and I pray we get thru this with him…,for
him to go thru the healing process and love him more each day…as a
survivor of abuse I can’t seem to be able to help my son…I watch
this unfold like living another nightmare..I have talked to our local
police…the only way to get him Assessed In hospital is if I go to a
justice of the peace and convince him my son is in mental health
crisis and he can order him into 72hr hospital assessment…I keep
trying to convince myself that I may just have to do that to prevent
him from hurting someone or himself…dear god please give me the
strength to step up to the plate and help my son…I will be punished
for life now knowing of what happened to my child at my sisters house.
(Not In UK)
A very distressing situation for you, as no parent wants to have to deal with the knowledge that a child of theirs has been abused. The account you give describes a complex set of dynamics in relation to yours son’s abuse and mental health problems and your own difficulties managing him and your reaction to his abuse. You don’t mention his age so I am unsure as to what developmental stage he might be at. It is important that you do not blame yourself for what happened whilst he was with your sister. She has the responsibility for any abuse that took place whilst your son was with her. In allowing your son to spend that time with your sister, you had every right to expect that he would be safe. If his mental health problems are a consequence of abuse whilst he was with her then she is also responsible for your distress and problems you now have with your son. It would appear that you are doing the best you can to support your son, who is venting his anger at you, probably the safest target he has.
The severity of your sons’ problems indicates it is really important that appropriate professionals are involved in his management, treatment and care. You can continue to encourage him to remain engaged with them which is the right thing. It is also very important that you look after and protect yourself. If your son is a danger or risk to himself and/or others it is essential that you do whatever is necessary to ensure that all steps possible are taken to protect both him and others. Whilst it might be a difficult decision to make, if the use of mental health legislation to ensure someone is kept in a safe place and assessed for appropriate treatment is the only option available, then it should be used and in the longer term it can produce the best outcome. The local mental health team would be the first port of call for any assessment under the Mental Health Act.
So the best way to help your son at present is to encourage and support him in engagement with the professionals involved, and when at a future date he is in a more emotionally stable place perhaps some healing in your relationship with him can begin.
Question 33: How can I overcome my need for everything to be perfect… the problem
is even when everything is done to the best of my ability, I will find
the one thing out of many that wasn’t quite right and mentally beat
myself up about it. Where does my need for this come from, does it
stem from being abused? People can praise me but the negative
committee meeting inside my head have a whole other agenda! Kate has
recommended the book ‘Re-inventing your Life’
Answer 33: Thank you for asking this question as it is a very good example of a problem that affects many people and not just those who have been abused. Perfectionism or Unrelenting Standards lifetrap as it is described in Re-inventing your life, is a very destructive force to have to manage in your life. Feeling the need to achieve 100% + in everything you do is exhausting both physically and mentally as it is an impossible goal to achieve. I call it the greasy pole, as just as you think you have made the top of the pole you slide back down again because you decide there was something additional that could have made it even better (100%+). The negative committee in your head is indicative of a lifetrap that accepts criticism without question and dismisses praise or achievement without even considering its validity.
It may well be that as a survivor of CSA that this need for perfection is a response to another lifetrap such as defectiveness or failure. So the thinking could be along the lines: “if I am perfect then I will be worthy of love.” Or “if I achieve 100% at everything I do then I will not have failed.” The problem with all these lifetraps is that the individual’s coping response to them, whilst it appears effective at the time in avoiding or reducing strong emotions attached to the lifetraps, it does not address what the underlying issues of it are. As a result nothing changes and the individual has to continually strive for 100% in what feels like a never ending cycle. The answer is to identify the lifetrap(s) that are driving the behaviour, and work to change it or them if more than one. That is what the Re-inventing your life book was written for, as a self- help manual to guide individuals towards breaking the unhelpful patterns of behaviour that serve to maintain lifetraps.
The book has a questionnaire in chapter 2 which helps you to identify any lifetraps you may have and then individual chapters for each lifetrap you may need to work on. It may be that you can do much of the work on your own, but might find some of the suggested interventions will be more effective if helped by a skilled Therapist. Getting to a point where you can accept the “good enough” principle rather than the 100%+ approach will make each day a whole lot easier to manage!
Question 34: I don’t know if its ok to email and ask you something but I will
anyway.Thing is I’ve got a really poor memory of some of my childhood. Can I
just say how I keep feeling- well it’s like I’m stuck. Like deep inside
I feel like a small child that’s hurting and got no voice and it
making me feel like i want to cry but cant. It’s such a deep feeling
(don’t know how to describe/say what i mean )but I don’t know why exactly
or if this means I’m mad. I’ve worked through some things from my
teenage years which has always been in my mind but tried not to think
about. it kept coming into my mind all the time with pictures and
things. So had to deal with it. That has settled right down but seem
to get to this point all the time where I’m just stuck I don’t know why
I can’t go any further back in my memory. If any of
that makes sense without going into detail. I just don’t know how to
get rid of keep feeling like that- do u?
Answer 34: I have a lot of sympathy for the difficulties you outline. You describe feeling stuck in relation to a damaged inner child that cannot express itself. The deep feelings associated with what you describe do not mean you are mad. The fact that you have worked through some issues from your teenage years indicates that you are been able to confront issues you have previous not wanted to. I can only hypothesise what might be going on with the lack of or poor memory of some of your childhood. Your description if a “small child that’s hurting and got no voice” suggests the need for therapeutic intervention to enable you to work with the hurt child and articulate its needs.
Usually the most effective tool that I have used has been imagery where techniques are engaged which enable the client to connect with the needy/abused child and help to heal the pain and meet the unmet needs.
This can be a very powerful process, which requires a skilled therapist who has the necessary experience to be able to safely work with the client. Imagery can be very helpful in opening up powerful memories from life events buried away or avoided, and then be used to heal. It is important that the therapist does not lead or suggest memories to the client, rather they are allowed to float up of their own accord. There are other approaches that can be used, and much will depend on the core therapeutic model of the therapist.